Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.usj.es/handle/123456789/482

Title: Effect of a long exercise program in the reduction of musculoskeletal
Authors: Villanueva, Alberto SCOPUSID
Rabal-Pelay, Juan ORCID SCOPUSID
Berzosa Sánchez, César ORCID SCOPUSID
Gutiérrez, Héctor SCOPUSID
Cimarras-Otal, Cristina ORCID SCOPUSID
Lacárcel-Tejero, Belén SCOPUSID
Bataller Cervero, Ana Vanessa ORCID SCOPUSID
Keywords: Muscle tone; Workplace; Trapezius; Shoulder; Neck; Upper back; Lower back
Issue Date: 4-Dec-2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Villanueva, A., Rabal-Pelay, J., Berzosa, C., Gutiérrez, H., Cimarras-Otal, C., Lacarcel-Tejero, B., and Bataller-Cervero, A. V. (2020). Effect of a long exercise program in the reduction of musculoskeletal discomfort in office workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(23), 1-10. doi:10.3390ijerph/17239042
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the e ect of a six week exercise program to reduce the muscle tone of the trapezius and musculoskeletal discomfort (MED) of o ce workers. Twenty-six workers performed an exercise program based on: (1) stretching of cervical and/or dorsal region; (2) joint mobility of shoulders and rachis; (3) strengthening deep stabilizer and core muscles; and (4) scapula stabilizing exercises. A Myoton device was used to evaluate trapezius tone and the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire was used to assess changes in MED at three points of evaluation: at the beginning (Pre_1) and at the end of the workday (Post_1), and after the training program (Pre_2). The Wilcoxon test and Cohen’s d were performed to examine di erences and e ect sizes between evaluations. Main results show that trapezius tone remained constant during the workday, but decreased in the dominant upper trapezius (p = 0.003, ES = 0.60) and increased in the non-dominant middle trapezius (p = 0.016, ES = 0.45) after the exercise program, which eliminated significant muscle asymmetries. MED significantly decreased in the neck (p = 0.027, ES = 0.60) and upper back (p = 0.046, ES = 0.67). In conclusion, MED appears to improve in o ce workers after a six week training program, which may be explained by a decrease in trapezius tone and increase in the left middle trapezius tone.
URI: https://repositorio.usj.es/handle/123456789/482
ISSN: 16617827
Appears in Collections:Artículos de revistas

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