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Title: Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance
Authors: García-Pinillos, Felipe ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID
Latorre-Román, Pedro Á. ORCID SCOPUSID
Escalona-Marfil, Carles ORCID SCOPUSID
Pueyo-Villa, Silvia SCOPUSID
Keywords: Arch height; Arch mobility; Endurance runners; Foot; Spring-mass model
Issue Date: 2-Mar-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: García-Pinillos, F.; Jaén-Carrillo, D.; Latorre-Román, P.Á.; Escalona-Marfil, C.; Soto-Hermoso, V.M.; Lago-Fuentes, C.; Pueyo-Villa, S.; Domínguez-Azpíroz, I.; Roche-Seruendo, L.E. Does Arch Stiffness Influence Running Spatiotemporal Parameters? An Analysis of the Relationship between Influencing Factors on Running Performance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2437. https://
Abstract: This study aimed to determine the influence of arch stiffness on running spatiotemporal parameters at a common speed for a wide range of endurance runners (i.e., 12 km.h−1). In total, 97 runners, 52 men and 45 women, completed a treadmill running protocol at 12 km.h−1. Spatiotemporal parameters were measured using the OptoGait system, and foot structure was assessed by determining arch stiffness. Since between-sex differences were found in anthropometric and foot structure variables, data analysis was conducted separately for men and women, and body mass and height were considered as covariates. For both sexes, a k-means cluster analysis grouped participants according to arch stiffness, by obtaining a group of low-arch stiffness (LAS group) and a group of high-arch stiffness (HAS group), with significant differences in arch stiffness (p < 0.001, for both men and women). No significant differences between LAS and HAS groups were found in running spatiotemporal parameters, regardless of sex (p ≥ 0.05). For both sexes, the partial correlation analysis reported no significant correlations (p ≥ 0.05) between foot structure variables and running spatiotemporal parameters. The results obtained show no differences in spatiotemporal gait characteristics during running at submaximal velocity between runners with low-arch stiffness and those with high-arch stiffness, regardless of sex. These findings may have important implications for clinicians and coaches by adding more evidence to the debate about the use of static foot classification measures when characterizing the foot and its biomechanics during running.
ISSN: 1660-4601
Appears in Collections:Artículos de revistas

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