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Title: Analysis of the Steps Cycle in the Action of Throwing in Competition in Men’s Elite Handball
Authors: Tuquet Higuera, Jaime ORCID SCOPUSID
Carton-Llorente, Antonio ORCID RESEARCHERID
Keywords: sport performance; throwing efficiency; technical; step cycle; team sport
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Tuquet, J.; Cartón, A.; Marco-Contreras, L.A.; Mainer-Pardos, E.; Lozano, D. Analysis of the Steps Cycle in the Action of Throwing in Competition in Men’s Elite Handball. Sustainability 2022, 14, 5291. https://
Abstract: Abstract: The aim of this article was to analyze the step cycle that precedes the throwing action in elite men’s handball and its relationship with different factors, such as throwing distance, throwing technics, throw speed, whether it occurs in jump or standing, the last step, and efficiency. Twentyfour complete matches were analyzed, with a total of 1013 throws in three international elite men’s handball championships. The results show that the most used step cycle is the one performed with two steps. There is a significant relationship between the step cycle and the throw distance, with two-step throws being the most used from outside 9 m (29.8%, p < 0.001), three-step throws at a distance between 6 and 9 m (35.9%, p < 0.001), and zero- and one-step throws from 6 m (30.5%,p < 0.001). Likewise, the last step with natural footing is the most used (93.7%, p < 0.001) with a complete cycle of steps, followed by false foot with more than three steps (27.3%, p < 0.001), and two feet with zero steps (12.6%, p < 0.001). In conclusion, the skill to take advantage of the dynamic improvement offered by the mastery of the step cycle, adapting to the different situations of the game, could be an essential characteristic of the player to effectively complete the throwing action.
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