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Title: Concentration of antioxidant compounds from calendula officinalis through sustainable supercritical technologies, and computational study of their permeability in skin for cosmetic use
Authors: Mur, Raquel SCOPUSID
Langa Morales, Elisa ORCID SCOPUSID
Urieta, José Santiago ORCID SCOPUSID
Keywords: Supercritical antisolvent fractionation; Ferulic acid; Caffeic acid; Chlorogenic acid; Permeability skin
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Mur, R.; Langa, E.; Pino-Otín, M.R.; Urieta, J.S.; Mainar, A.M. Concentration of Antioxidant Compounds from Calendula officinalis through Sustainable Supercritical Technologies, and Computational Study of Their Permeability in Skin for Cosmetic Use. Antioxidants 2022, 11, 96. antiox11010096
Abstract: The growing interest in the cosmetic industry in using compounds of natural and sustainable origin that are safe for humans is encouraging the development of processes that can satisfy these needs. Chlorogenic acid (CHA), caffeic acid (CAF) and ferulic acid (FA) are three compounds widely used within the cosmetic industry due to their functionalities as antioxidants, collagen modifiers or even as radiation protectors. In this work, two advanced separation techniques with supercritical CO2 are used to obtain these three compounds from Calendula officinalis, and these are then evaluated using a computational skin permeability model. This model is encompassed by the COSMO-RS model, the calculations of which make it possible to study the behaviour of the compounds in the epidermis. The results show that both CAF and FA are retained in the stratum corneum, while CHA manages to penetrate to the stratum spinosum. These compounds were concentrated by antisolvent fractionation with super-critical CO2 using a Response Surface Methodology to study the effect of pressure and CO2 flow rate. CHA, CAF and FA were completely retained in the precipitation vessel, with concentrations between 40% and 70% greater than in the original extract. The conditions predicted that the optimal overall yield and enrichment achieved would be 153 bar and 42 g/min.
ISSN: 2076-3921
Appears in Collections:Artículos de revistas

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