Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.usj.es/handle/123456789/785

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dc.contributor.authorShams, Amir-
dc.contributor.authorNobari, Hadi-
dc.contributor.authorAfonso, José-
dc.contributor.authorAbbasi, Hamed-
dc.contributor.authorMainer Pardos, Elena-
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Gomez, Jorge-
dc.contributor.authorBayati, M.-
dc.contributor.authorBahrami, Alireza-
dc.contributor.authorCarneiro, Lara-
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-02T09:49:46Z-
dc.date.available2022-06-02T09:49:46Z-
dc.date.issued2021-12-06-
dc.identifier.citationShams A, Nobari H, Afonso J, Abbasi H, Mainer-Pardos E, Pérez-Gómez J, Bayati M, Bahrami A and Carneiro L (2021) Effect of Aerobic-Based Exercise on Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Life Among Older People: A Middle East Study. Front. Public Health 9:764044. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.764044es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2296-2565es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.usj.es/handle/123456789/785-
dc.description.abstractThe aimed to evaluate the effects of low and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on psychological well-being (PWB) and quality of life (QoL) among older people. Forty-five male Iranian adults aged 65-80 years were selected according to the eligibility criteria and randomly assigned to a low-intensity group (LIG) (40-50% of maximum heart rate), moderate-intensity group (MIG) (60-70% of maximum heart rate) and control group (CG). The exercise protocols consisted of 12 weeks of aerobic exercise (two sessions per week). Psychological well-being and QoL were assessed through the Ryff's Psychological Well-being Scale and the World Health Organization QoL Questionnaire. The statistical analysis for psychological well-being indicated that a significant main group (between-group) (F = 11.777, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.359), time (within-group) (F = 58.983, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.584) and interaction effect (group x time) (F = 20.146, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.490) for PWB total score. Bonferroni post-hoc tests revealed that the PWB total score in the MIG group was more significant than both LIG (p = 0.003) and CG (p < 0.001). Results for PWB components including self-acceptance, positive relationships with others, autonomy, purposeful life, and environmental mastery revealed no significant differences (p > 0.05). While there was a significant difference between the groups for personal growth component. Bonferroni post-hoc tests revealed that the personal growth in the MIG group was more significant than both LIG (p = 0.028) and CG (p < 0.001). Result for QoL indicated significant differences for the main group (F = 13.277, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.387), time (F = 25.533, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.378) and interaction effect (F = 9.992, p < 0.001, eta p(2) = 0.332) for QoL total scale. Bonferroni post-hoc tests revealed that the QoL total scale in the MIG group was more significant than both LIG (p = 0.003) and CG (p < 0.001). Results for QoL components including Physical health, Social relationships, Health environment revealed no significant differences (p > 0.05), while there was a significant difference between the groups for the Psychological health component. Bonferroni post-hoc tests revealed that the Psychological health in the MIG group was more significant than both LIG (p = 0.009) and CG (p = 0.002). Therefore, aerobic exercise improves PWB and QoL in older adults, moderate-intensity exercise seems to produce higher benefits than low-intensity, demonstrating a positive dose-response relationship.es_ES
dc.format.extent10 p.es_ES
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SAes_ES
dc.relationThis research was conducted with support of WHO/EMRO as source of funding as RPPH Grant 18-92es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectCardiovascular fitnesses_ES
dc.subjectMental healthes_ES
dc.subjectOld peoplees_ES
dc.subjectPhysical fitnesses_ES
dc.subjectDose-responsees_ES
dc.titleEffect of Aerobic-Based Exercise on Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Life Among Older People: A Middle East Studyes_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpubh.2021.764044es_ES
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
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