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Title: The Association between Diet and Sleep Quality among Spanish University Students
Authors: Ramón Arbués, Enrique ORCID RESEARCHERID SCOPUSID
Granada López, José Manuel ORCID SCOPUSID
Martinez-Abadia, Blanca SCOPUSID
Jerue, Benjamin Adam ORCID SCOPUSID
Keywords: Sleep quality; Diet; University students; Cross-sectional studies
Issue Date: 11-Aug-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ramón-Arbués, E.; Granada-López, J.-M.; Martínez-Abadía, B.; Echániz-Serrano, E.; Antón-Solanas, I.; Jerue, B.A. The Association between Diet and Sleep Quality among Spanish University Students. Nutrients 2022, 14, 3291.
Abstract: While it has long been recognized that diet is a leading behavioral risk factor for human health, recent scientific findings have also suggested that diet and sleep quality may be connected. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the association between diet and sleep quality among a group of Spanish university students. To do so, a cross-sectional study of 868 students was carried out. Sleep quality was assessed using the Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), while diet was assessed using the Spanish Healthy Eating Index (SHEI). The study revealed a noteworthy rate of bad sleepers (51.6%) and students whose diet needed modifications (82.2%). Unhealthy eaters were more likely to have poor sleep quality (aOR = 4.20; CI 95%: 2.07–8.52). The unbalanced intake of vegetables (aOR = 1.63; CI 95%: 1.14–2.34), fruits (aOR = 4.08; CI 95%: 2.90–5.74), dairy products (aOR = 1.96; CI 95%: 1.41–2.72), lean meats (aOR = 1.82; CI 95%: 1.19–2.78), legumes (aOR = 1.43; CI 95%: 1.00–2.02), sweets (aOR = 1.60; CI 95%: 1.13–2.25) and sugary soft drinks (aOR = 1.46; CI 95%: 1.07–1.99) was associated with lower sleep quality.
ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Artículos de revistas

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